[43] Related party disclosures

In addition to the subsidiaries included in the consolidated financial statements, the KION Group has direct or indirect business relationships with a number of non-consolidated subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates in the course of its ordinary business activities. According to IAS 24, related parties include entities that have control or significant influence over KION GROUP AG. An entity is usually assumed to have control (parent) if it holds more than 50 per cent of the shares in another entity. Significant influence generally exists if an entity holds between 20 per cent and 50 per cent of the shares in another entity.

The related parties that are solely or jointly controlled by the KION Group or over which significant influence can be exercised are included in the list of shareholdings as at 31 December 2015 (see note [47]). Another related party is Weichai Power Co. Ltd., Weifang, China, which indirectly holds a 38.3 per cent stake in KION GROUP AG (31 December 2014: 33.3 per cent) and is thus the largest single shareholder. Because Superlift Holding S.à r.l., Luxembourg, sold its entire remaining stake of 13.9 per cent of KION shares in March 2015, Superlift Holding S.à r.l., Luxembourg, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co L.P., New York, USA, and Goldman, Sachs & Co., New York, USA, were no longer related parties as at 31 December 2015.

The revenue that the KION Group generated in 2015 and 2014 from selling goods and services to related parties, and vice versa, is shown in > TABLES 117 – 118 along with the outstanding receivables and liabilities. The receivables include a loan that the KION Group has granted to Linde Hydraulics GmbH & Co. KG, Aschaffenburg. The original commitment was €21.0 million, which was reduced to €7.0 million on a pro rata basis upon transfer of the 20.0 per cent of the shares in Linde Hydraulics in December 2015. This resulted in a loan receivable for the KION Group of €1.0 million as at 31 December 2015 (31 December 2014: €0.0 million); it has a variable interest rate. No valuation allowances for trade receivables had been recognised as at the reporting date, a situation that was unchanged on the end of 2014.

The members of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board of KION GROUP AG are also related parties. Details of the remuneration of the Executive Board and Supervisory Board can be found in note [45].